Because surrogacy is such a complicated medical, physical and emotional process, surrogacy professionals set certain surrogacy requirements that all women wishing to become surrogates must meet.
Requirements for surrogacy may vary from professional to professional, but the general gestational surrogate requirements will remain the same. These are in place to make sure that all prospective surrogates can fully meet the physical and emotional demands of the surrogacy process. When surrogacy professionals require certain things before a woman can even begin the process, they create a more successful surrogacy journey for all involved.
The best way to learn about what the requirements are to become a surrogate mother is by speaking to a local surrogacy agency like American Surrogacy. Because attorney Kevin Kenney only works with surrogates and intended parents who have moved past the first stages of the surrogacy process, his clients have all met their surrogacy requirements before contacting him. If you want more information on your personal criteria to be a surrogate, Kevin can always refer you to local surrogacy professionals.
Keep reading to learn more about the general requirements for being a surrogate in Kansas or Missouri.
Who Can Be a Surrogate in Kansas or Missouri?
Many prospective surrogates ask, “Am I eligible to be a surrogate mother in Kansas or Missouri?”
While a surrogacy agency can best answer that question for their specific program, there are some common surrogacy requirements that all prospective surrogates must meet. These requirements are based on those suggested by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine.
Typically, the qualifications for being a surrogate are:
- Age range of 21–40
- A healthy BMI, usually between 19–30
- No smoking or use of illicit drugs
- At least one successful pregnancy
- Raising a child in your own home
- No major complications from past pregnancies
- No criminal background
- No tattoos or piercings in the last 12 months
Again, different surrogacy professionals may have different requirements to become a surrogate mother, so it’s best to contact a surrogacy agency to learn more about their particular criteria to be a surrogate.
In order to confirm that a prospective surrogate meets these surrogacy requirements, women considering surrogacy are often required to undergo certain medical and psychological screenings before starting the surrogacy process. These screenings allow surrogacy professionals to make sure a prospective surrogate is mentally and physically prepared for the potential challenges of surrogacy before matching her with intended parents.
What exactly is involved in these screenings will vary based on the professional you choose. Please contact a local surrogacy agency to learn more about their screening requirements for becoming a surrogate mother.
Frequently Asked Questions about Surrogacy Requirements
As mentioned, the best way to find out if you meet the qualifications for being a surrogate is to speak to a surrogacy agency. Many prospective surrogates have personal questions about the requirements for surrogacy and whether they meet them, and only a surrogacy professional and fertility clinic can answer them in detail.
However, below you’ll find answers to some of the more common questions people have about the qualifications to be a surrogate in Kansas or Missouri. Remember, it’s encouraged that you speak to a surrogacy professional, as some of these situations will be determined on a case-by-case basis.
Q: How old can a surrogate be? Why are there age restrictions for surrogacy?
A: Most surrogacy professionals require surrogates to be between 21 and 40 years of age. These age limits on surrogacy are set by fertility clinics, whose professionals have determined this is the safest age for a woman to carry a surrogate pregnancy.
It’s not uncommon for women to ask, “Can I be a teen surrogate if I’m 18 years old?” Unfortunately, because of the possible complications involved with surrogacy, all surrogates must already have a child and be raising them themselves, which is why many teenagers are be unable to become a surrogate. Most agencies will require prospective surrogates to be at least 21 years old before they can apply to be a surrogate.
Q: Can you be a surrogate after having your tubes tied?
A: Because completing a gestational surrogacy does not require a surrogate to use her own eggs, it is possible (and even preferred) for a woman pursue surrogacy after tubal litigation. If a surrogate has had her tubes tied, there is no chance that she will become pregnant with her own child during the embryo transfer process.
Q: Can a menopausal woman be a surrogate?
A: Most surrogacy professionals set age limits that generally prevent a woman from being a surrogate mother after menopause. While there are cases of woman after menopause being a surrogate, this kind of surrogacy does come with additional health risks.
Q: Why can’t I complete a surrogacy without a previous pregnancy?
A: All surrogates must be able to carry a pregnancy to term successfully, and surrogates who have never been pregnant before cannot prove that ability. For the safety of the intended parents’ embryo and the surrogate herself, a woman cannot become a surrogate without a previous pregnancy.
Q: Can I be a surrogate if I have HPV?
A: It may be possible to be a surrogate if you have HPV, but it’s important to talk to your surrogacy professional and infertility clinic to better understand whether your diagnosis of HPV can prevent surrogacy for you.
Q: Can someone with herpes be a surrogate?
A: While herpes may not disqualify you from becoming a surrogate, it may take longer to find intended parents who are comfortable with a surrogate with this condition. Your surrogacy professional can explain how this diagnosis may affect your surrogacy experience.
Q: Is it possible to be an HIV-positive surrogate mother?
A: Because of the risk of transfer to the baby, a woman diagnosed with HIV cannot be a surrogate.
Q: Can I be a surrogate with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)?
A: Being a surrogate with PCOS may come with additional medical challenges, including close monitoring of your diet. Speak with your medical professional to learn more about whether surrogacy is possible for you.
Q: Can a female with adenomyosis be a surrogate?
A: Some studies have found that women with adenomyosis have twice the risk of miscarriage during pregnancy. You’ll need to speak with your medical professional and fertility clinic to determine whether you can be a surrogate with this condition.
Q: Can someone with sickle cell be a surrogate?
A: Sickle cell disease can cause many pregnancy complications, like miscarriage, preterm labor and low birth weight. Therefore, women with sickle cell often cannot become surrogates.
Q: Can you be a surrogate after preeclampsia?
A: Preeclampsia can pose serious risks to a surrogate and the baby she carries. Speak to your medical professional to determine whether this condition may affect your ability to be a surrogate.
Q: Can you be a surrogate after ablation?
A: Because ablation destroys a layer of the uterus lining, it makes implantation of an embryo more difficult. Combined with the additional medical risks from this condition, ablation usually disqualifies a woman from becoming a surrogate.
Q: Can I still pursue surrogacy with endometriosis?
A: Talk to your doctor if you have endometriosis and want to be a surrogate. Your condition may make it more difficult for you to become pregnant and safely carry a pregnancy to term.
Q: What pregnancy conditions disqualify you from surrogacy?
A: Each woman’s situation is different, so if you have experienced pregnancy complications in the past, it’s best to discuss them with your surrogacy professional, fertility clinic and medical professional to determine how they may affect your ability to successfully be a surrogate for intended parents.
Q: I’m still breastfeeding. Can I be a surrogate?
A: If you are still breastfeeding, you will usually need to delay the medical surrogacy process. Breastfeeding can cause a lack of ovulation and periods, which can make preparing for an embryo transfer process difficult. However, breastfeeding women can still begin the application and screening process as they wean their child off breastmilk.
Q: Is there a weight requirement to be a surrogate?
A: While there is no specific required weight of a surrogate, most professionals do set a required BMI to be a surrogate. This Body Max Index determines whether a woman’s weight is proportional to her height, which is important to ensuring as healthy a pregnancy as possible.
If you have a personal question not answered here about whether you meet the health requirements to be a surrogate mother, please contact your surrogacy professional, fertility clinic or medical professional for personalized information.
Once you meet the requirements for surrogacy and start the medical process, contact attorney Kevin Kenney for all of your necessary legal services.